How to Grow Peas: A Complete Guide to Pea Pods

Selecting the Right Pea Variety: Understanding the Different Types of Peas

As a gardener, selecting the right pea variety is crucial for a successful harvest. Understanding the different types of peas available will help you make an informed decision and ensure that you choose the variety that best suits your needs.

One of the most common types of peas is the garden pea (Pisum sativum). These peas are available in both shelling and snap varieties. Shelling peas are typically harvested when the pods are fully developed, and the peas inside are mature. These peas require shelling before consumption. On the other hand, snap peas are harvested when the pods are still young and tender, and the peas inside are crisp and sweet. Snap peas can be eaten whole, pod and all, making them a popular choice for snacking and stir-frying.

Selecting the Right Pea Variety: Understanding the Different Types of Peas

Another type of pea to consider is the snow pea (Pisum sativum var. saccharatum). Snow peas have flat, edible pods and small, underdeveloped peas inside. They are harvested when the pods are still flat, before the peas begin to grow too large. Snow peas are often used in stir-fries and salads, adding a refreshing crunch to dishes.

Lastly, there are also sugar snap peas (Pisum sativum var. macrocarpon), which are a cross between garden peas and snow peas. Sugar snap peas have thicker and sweeter edible pods compared to snow peas, and their peas inside are plump and tender. They are harvested when the pods are fully rounded but still crisp. Sugar snap peas are versatile in the kitchen, as they can be enjoyed raw or cooked in various dishes.

Now that you have a better understanding of the different pea varieties available, you can select the one that suits your preferences and culinary needs. Don’t be afraid to experiment and try different types – each variety offers its unique flavors and textures to delight your palate. Happy pea growing!

Preparing the Soil: Tips for Creating the Ideal Growing Environment

Preparing the soil is a crucial step in creating the ideal growing environment for peas. By ensuring that the soil is properly prepared, you can provide your pea plants with the necessary nutrients and support they need to thrive. Here are some tips to help you prepare your soil for successful pea cultivation.

Firstly, it’s important to choose a location that receives full sun to partial shade, as peas thrive in these conditions. Once you’ve selected the spot, clear the area of any weeds or debris, as they can compete with your pea plants for nutrients and water. Using a garden hoe or rake, loosen the top layer of soil to a depth of about 6 to 8 inches. This will improve drainage and allow the roots to penetrate easily.

Next, it’s essential to amend the soil with organic matter, such as compost or well-rotted manure. This will provide the necessary nutrients and improve the soil’s structure, ensuring optimal growth for your pea plants. Spread a 2 to 3-inch layer of compost or well-rotted manure over the soil surface and incorporate it into the top few inches of soil. This will not only enrich the soil but also enhance its ability to retain moisture, which is vital for healthy pea growth.

By following these soil preparation tips, you can create an ideal environment for your pea plants. In the next section, we will explore step-by-step instructions for planting peas and setting them up for success in their new soil home.

The following table explain about the preparing the soil for growing peas:

1Choose the Right LocationSelect a sunny location with well-drained soil.
2Soil TestingConduct a soil test to determine pH and nutrient levels.
3Adjust Soil pHAim for a slightly acidic to neutral pH (6.0-7.5).
4Clear DebrisRemove weeds, rocks, and other debris from the area.
5Loosen SoilUse a garden fork or tiller to loosen the soil to a depth of 6-8 inches.
6Add Organic MatterMix in well-rotted compost or aged manure for fertility.
7Incorporate NutrientsBased on soil test results, add necessary nutrients like phosphorus and potassium.
8Provide SupportInstall trellises or supports for climbing pea varieties.
9Create Rows or MoundsForm rows or mounds for planting, spacing them according to pea variety.
10Planting DepthPlant peas 1 to 2 inches deep, following recommended spacing.
11Mulch the SoilApply a layer of organic mulch to retain moisture and suppress weeds.
12WateringKeep the soil consistently moist, especially during flowering and pod development.
13Fertilize Mid-SeasonSide-dress with a balanced fertilizer when plants start flowering.
14Monitor Pests and DiseasesKeep an eye out for common pests and diseases, treat as needed.
15Harvest TimelyHarvest peas when pods are plump and seeds are tender.

Planting Peas: Step-by-Step Instructions for a Successful Start

Planting peas is a crucial step in establishing a successful pea crop in your garden. By following these step-by-step instructions, you can ensure that your pea plants get off to the right start and thrive throughout the growing season.

First, choose a sunny location for your pea bed. Peas require at least six hours of direct sunlight per day to grow and produce abundant pods. Prepare the soil by loosening it with a garden fork or tiller, removing any weeds or debris, and incorporating organic matter such as compost or well-rotted manure. This will improve the soil’s fertility and drainage, creating an ideal environment for your peas.

Next, sow the pea seeds directly into the prepared soil. Dig a trench about two inches deep and six inches wide. Space the seeds about two inches apart and cover them with soil, gently firming it down. If you prefer, you can also plant peas in raised beds or containers, ensuring adequate space for their roots to grow.

Water the newly planted pea seeds thoroughly, keeping the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Peas require regular watering, especially during dry spells, to prevent the plants from drying out and ensure proper pod formation. Mulching around the pea plants can help retain moisture in the soil and suppress weed growth, further promoting their growth and productivity.

Planting Peas: Step-by-Step Instructions for a Successful Start

Remember to provide support for your pea plants as they grow. Peas are vining plants that will benefit from trellising or other supports to prevent them from sprawling on the ground. Install a trellis, stakes, or a mesh netting system near the planted row to provide a structure for the pea vines to climb. This will keep the foliage off the ground, reduce the chances of disease, and make harvesting easier.

Now that you have planted your peas with care and attention, it’s time to monitor their progress and ensure they receive the necessary care throughout the growing season. Stay tuned for our upcoming articles on providing proper watering, ensuring adequate sunlight, fertilizing peas, and managing pests and diseases to achieve a bountiful harvest.

Providing Proper Watering: Essential Tips for Pea Plant Hydration

Proper watering is crucial for the healthy growth and development of pea plants. As peas have shallow roots, it is important to provide them with consistent moisture while avoiding waterlogged soil. One of the best methods for watering peas is through a drip irrigation system, as it delivers water directly to the base of the plants, minimizing evaporation and reducing the risk of diseases caused by wet foliage. If a drip system is not available, using a soaker hose or a watering can with a fine nozzle can also be effective.

Providing Proper Watering: Essential Tips for Pea Plant Hydration

When watering pea plants, it is important to strike a balance between providing enough moisture and avoiding overwatering. Peas require about 1-1.5 inches of water per week, including rainfall. However, it is crucial to assess the soil moisture before watering. This can be done by sticking a finger into the soil up to the first knuckle. If the soil feels moist, wait before watering. On the other hand, if the soil feels dry, it is time to water. Watering in the early morning is ideal as it allows the leaves to dry quickly and reduces the risk of fungal diseases. By following these essential tips for pea plant hydration, you can ensure optimum water management for your pea plants, leading to healthy growth and a bountiful harvest.

Ensuring Adequate Sunlight: How to Position Your Pea Plants for Optimal Growth

Positioning your pea plants in the right location is crucial to ensure they receive adequate sunlight for optimal growth. Peas are a cool-season crop that thrives in full sun, meaning they require a minimum of 6-8 hours of direct sunlight per day. When selecting a spot for your pea plants, choose an area that receives the most sunlight throughout the day.

In your home garden, consider the orientation of your plot and the surrounding landscape. Aim to position your pea rows from east to west, with the tallest plants on the north side. This arrangement allows all plants to receive maximum sunlight without shading one another. Avoid planting your pea patch in areas with excessive shade from trees or structures, as this can hinder their growth and reduce overall yield. By strategically placing your pea plants to receive adequate sunlight, you can ensure they have the energy they need to flourish and produce a bountiful harvest.
• Position your pea plants in an area that receives the most sunlight throughout the day.
• Choose a spot with a minimum of 6-8 hours of direct sunlight per day for optimal growth.
• Consider the orientation of your plot and position your pea rows from east to west, with the tallest plants on the north side.
• This arrangement allows all plants to receive maximum sunlight without shading one another.
• Avoid planting your pea patch in areas with excessive shade from trees or structures, as this can hinder their growth and reduce overall yield.

Fertilizing Peas: Understanding the Nutritional Needs of Pea Pods

Fertilizing pea plants is an essential aspect of ensuring their healthy growth and maximizing the yield of pea pods. Peas, like other plants, require specific nutrients to thrive and produce abundant and flavorful harvests. Understanding the nutritional needs of pea pods is crucial for successful gardening.

Fertilizing Peas: Understanding the Nutritional Needs of Pea Pods

Peas are heavy feeders, meaning they have a high demand for nutrients throughout their growth cycle. The three most important nutrients for pea plants are nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Nitrogen aids in foliage growth, ensuring the plants have lush green leaves and robust stems. Phosphorus promotes flower and fruit development, helping pea pods to form and mature. Potassium, on the other hand, plays a vital role in overall plant health, enhancing disease resistance and enabling efficient nutrient uptake. Providing these essential nutrients in the right quantities and at the right times is crucial for healthy pea plants and bountiful pea pod production.

To ensure the optimal nutritional needs of your pea pods are met, it is recommended to perform a soil test before planting. A soil test will reveal the existing nutrient levels in the soil, enabling you to make informed decisions regarding fertilization.

Based on the results, you can adjust the nutrient balance by incorporating organic matter, such as compost or well-rotted manure, into the soil. Additionally, you can supplement the soil with specific fertilizers that are rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, ensuring the pea plants receive the necessary nutrients for vigorous growth and robust pea pod development.

Fertilizing peas is an integral part of successful gardening, as the nutritional needs of pea pods significantly impact their health and productivity. Understanding the essential role of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium in pea pod development is key to providing the right nutrients at the right time. By performing a soil test and using appropriate fertilizers, you can create an ideal growing environment that nourishes your pea plants and supports the growth of abundant and delicious pea pods.

Managing Pests and Diseases: Effective Strategies for Protecting Your Pea Plants

Pest and disease management is a crucial aspect of maintaining healthy and productive pea plants. By implementing effective strategies, you can protect your pea plants from potential threats and ensure a bountiful harvest. One key strategy is regular monitoring and scouting for signs of pests or diseases. By closely observing your plants, you can quickly identify any issues and take prompt action.

The table explain the effective strategies for managing pests and diseases to protect your pea plants:

Pest/DiseaseDescriptionPrevention and Control Strategies
AphidsSmall, sap-sucking insects that cluster on new growth.– Introduce beneficial insects like ladybugs.
– Spray with a strong stream of water to dislodge aphids.
– Apply neem oil or insecticidal soap.
Powdery MildewFungal disease causing white powdery patches on leaves.– Provide proper spacing for air circulation.
– Water at the base, avoiding overhead irrigation.
– Apply fungicides or use neem oil preventively.
Pea MothsCaterpillars that feed on developing pea pods.– Practice crop rotation to disrupt the moth’s life cycle.
– Use row covers during flowering to prevent egg-laying.
– Apply Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) insecticide.
Root Rot (Fusarium)Fungal disease causing wilting and yellowing of plants.– Ensure well-drained soil.
– Rotate crops to reduce disease pressure.
– Use fungicide-treated seeds.
– Apply compost to promote soil health.
Pea Enation Mosaic VirusViral disease causing mottled yellowing of leaves.– Plant resistant pea varieties.
– Control aphid populations to prevent viral transmission.
– Remove and destroy infected plants.
CutwormsLarvae that cut through seedlings at the base.– Use collars around young plants.
– Handpick cutworms in the evening.
– Apply diatomaceous earth as a barrier.
– Release predatory insects like parasitic wasps.
Spider MitesTiny arachnids that suck plant sap, causing stippling.– Increase humidity to discourage mites.
– Spray plants with water to remove mites.
– Apply neem oil or insecticidal soap.
– Introduce predatory mites.

To prevent pest infestations, it is advisable to implement preventive measures such as regular crop rotation, which disrupts pest life cycles and reduces the chance of recurring problems. In addition, practicing good sanitation is essential; removing any fallen plant debris, weeds, or diseased plants from the growing area can help minimize pest and disease populations. Furthermore, introducing beneficial insects such as ladybugs or lacewings can act as natural predators for pests, reducing the need for chemical interventions. By implementing these strategies, you can effectively manage pests and diseases, promoting the overall health and vigor of your pea plants.

Trellising and Support: Methods to Help Pea Vines Climb and Thrive

To ensure the healthy growth of your pea plants and maximize their productivity, proper trellising and support methods are crucial. Pea vines are known for their climbing nature, and providing them with the necessary support not only helps them climb but also prevents damage and promotes proper airflow, reducing the risk of disease.

Trellising and Support: Methods to Help Pea Vines Climb and Thrive

One common and effective method for supporting pea vines is using trellises. Trellises are typically constructed using wooden or metal posts with wire or string stretched between them. As the pea vines grow, they will naturally cling to the trellis, allowing them to reach their full potential height. This method not only helps prevent vine entanglement but also makes it easier for you to monitor and harvest your pea pods. Additionally, trellises create vertical growing space, which is particularly beneficial for gardeners with limited space.

Another method that gardeners can use is creating a pea netting system. Pea netting is a lightweight mesh material that can be stretched horizontally across a support structure, such as wooden stakes. This method provides a more flexible and adaptable solution for supporting pea vines. Gardeners can easily train the vines to grow along the netting, allowing them to spread out and maximize sunlight exposure. Moreover, pea netting is reusable, making it a cost-effective option for multiple growing seasons.

Both trellising and pea netting methods offer reliable support and encourage proper growth for your pea plants. Experiment with different systems to find the one that suits your gardening style and space best. By focusing on providing the necessary support, you can ensure that your pea vines climb and thrive, resulting in a bountiful harvest of delicious and nutritious pea pods.

Pruning and Thinning: Techniques to Maintain Healthy Pea Plants

To maintain healthy pea plants, pruning and thinning are essential techniques that help promote optimal growth and maximize the yield of your harvest. Pruning consists of trimming back specific parts of the plant to remove damaged or diseased branches, encourage air circulation, and direct the plant’s energy towards fruit production. By selectively pruning pea plants, you can improve their overall health and increase their resistance to pests and diseases.

Pruning and Thinning: Techniques to Maintain Healthy Pea Plants

When it comes to thinning, the goal is to remove excess pea seedlings to provide adequate space for the remaining plants to grow and thrive. Overcrowding can lead to competition for resources, such as water and nutrients, resulting in stunted growth and decreased yield. By thinning out the seedlings, you allow the remaining plants to have enough room to develop strong root systems and access the necessary resources for healthy growth.

It is crucial to remember that pruning and thinning should be done with care and precision. Before pruning, make sure to sterilize your gardening tools to prevent the spread of diseases. When thinning, choose the weakest or most crowded seedlings to remove, leaving the healthiest and most vigorous ones behind. Regular monitoring and adjustment of the spacing between plants will ensure proper growth and contribute to the overall success of your pea garden.

Harvesting Peas: Identifying the Perfect Time to Pick Your Pods

The perfect time to harvest your pea pods can vary depending on the variety you are growing and your personal preference for tenderness and sweetness. However, there are a few key indicators you can look out for to ensure that you are picking your peas at their peak.

One of the first signs to look for is the pod size. Peas are typically ready to be harvested when the pods have fully filled out and are swollen. You can gently press on the pod with your finger to feel for plumpness. If the pod feels firm and full, it is a good indication that the peas inside have reached maturity. On the other hand, if the pod feels flat or empty, it is best to wait a little longer before picking.

Harvesting Peas: Identifying the Perfect Time to Pick Your Pods

Another important factor to consider is the color of the peas inside the pod. Most varieties of peas will have a bright green color when they are ready to be harvested. If you notice that the peas have a dull or yellowish appearance, they may be overripe and less flavorful. However, it is important to note that there are some pea varieties, such as snow peas and sugar snap peas, that are typically harvested when the pods are still flat and the peas inside are relatively small and undeveloped. For these varieties, it is best to refer to the specific guidelines provided by the seed supplier or consult a gardening expert for advice on when to pick.

Storing Fresh Peas: Tips for Keeping Your Harvest Fresh and Flavorful

Freshly harvested peas are a delightful addition to any meal, with their vibrant color and sweet, crisp flavor. To savor their freshness and maintain their flavor for as long as possible, proper storage is essential. Here are some tips to help you store your harvested peas in a way that keeps them fresh and flavorful.

First and foremost, it is crucial to handle peas with care to avoid bruising or damage that can accelerate their deterioration. After harvesting your peas, gently remove any dirt or debris, taking care not to crush or squeeze them. Once cleaned, place the peas in a perforated plastic bag or container to allow for airflow and prevent excess moisture buildup.

Additionally, storing peas in the refrigerator at a temperature between 32-40°F (0-4°C) helps slow down their natural aging process and preserve their texture and taste. By following these simple storage practices, you can extend the shelf life of your freshly picked peas and enjoy their deliciousness for longer periods.

Saving Seeds: How to Collect and Preserve Pea Seeds for Future Planting

When it comes to saving seeds from your pea plants for future planting, it’s important to choose the healthiest and most mature peas to harvest from. This ensures that the seeds you collect will have the best chance of successfully germinating and producing robust plants in the next growing season. Look for fully developed pea pods that have started to dry out and turn brown. These pods should feel firm and the peas inside should be hard and round. Avoid harvesting from pods that are still green or soft, as these peas are not yet fully matured and may not produce viable seeds. By selecting the right peas to save seeds from, you are setting yourself up for a successful and productive next season of pea cultivation.

Saving Seeds: How to Collect and Preserve Pea Seeds for Future Planting

Once you have chosen your pea pods for seed saving, it’s important to properly dry and store them to ensure their longevity and viability. Begin by removing the peas from their pods and spreading them out in a single layer on a clean and dry surface. Place them in a well-ventilated area out of direct sunlight to allow for proper drying. It’s crucial to make sure the peas are fully dry before storing them, as any residual moisture can lead to mold or rot.

This process typically takes a few weeks, and you can test the peas for dryness by gently squeezing them – if they feel hard and not squishy, they are likely dry enough for storage. Once dry, transfer the seeds to airtight containers such as glass jars or sealed envelopes, and store them in a cool and dark place. Properly dried and stored pea seeds can remain viable for several years, ensuring that you have a constant supply of quality seeds for future plantings.

Troubleshooting Common Pea Growing Issues: Solutions to Potential Challenges

Pea plants are generally easy to grow, but like any garden crop, they can face a few challenges along the way. Understanding and addressing these common issues can help ensure a successful pea harvest.

Troubleshooting Common Pea Growing Issues: Solutions to Potential Challenges

One common problem that pea plants may encounter is poor germination. This can be caused by several factors, such as planting in cold or wet soil, excessively deep planting, or old or damaged seeds. To improve germination rates, it is important to wait until the soil has warmed up and dried out a bit before planting. Planting seeds at the proper depth, typically about 1 inch deep, will also aid in successful germination. Additionally, using fresh and high-quality seeds can greatly increase the chances of successful germination. If poor germination persists, it may be necessary to consider using a seed treatment or pre-soaking the seeds before planting.

Another issue that gardeners may face is the presence of pests, such as aphids or pea weevils, which can damage the plants and reduce the yield. To combat these pests, it is important to regularly monitor the plants for any signs of infestation. If detected, applying organic pest control methods, such as introducing beneficial insects or spraying neem oil, can help manage the problem. Additionally, ensuring proper spacing between plants can promote better air circulation, making it more difficult for pests to establish themselves.

Delicious Ways to Enjoy Peas: Recipes and Serving Ideas for Your Homegrown Harvest

Peas are a versatile and nutritious vegetable that can be enjoyed in a variety of delicious ways. Whether you have grown your own peas or purchased them fresh from the market, there are plenty of recipes and serving ideas to explore. From simple preparations that highlight the natural sweetness of peas to more complex dishes that incorporate them into hearty meals, the options are endless.

One popular way to enjoy peas is in a light and refreshing salad. Combine blanched peas with crisp lettuce, sliced radishes, and a tangy vinaigrette for a fresh and vibrant side dish. You can also add some diced avocado or crumbled feta cheese for an extra layer of flavor. Another idea is to toss cooked peas with cooked pasta, cherry tomatoes, and a pesto sauce for a quick and satisfying pasta salad option.

If you’re looking for a heartier meal, consider incorporating peas into a warm and comforting soup or stew. Pea soup is a classic choice, made by simmering peas with onions, garlic, and vegetable broth until they are soft and tender. For an extra burst of flavor, you can stir in some fresh herbs like mint or basil before serving. Peas also pair well with other vegetables like carrots, potatoes, and leeks in a nourishing pea and vegetable stew. Serve it with crusty bread for a complete and satisfying meal.

Watch video for further information:

What are the different types of peas?

There are several different types of peas, including garden peas, snow peas, and sugar snap peas. Garden peas are the traditional pea variety with rounded pods, while snow peas have flat, edible pods and are often used in stir-fries. Sugar snap peas have plump pods that are both sweet and crunchy.

How do I prepare the soil for growing peas?

To create the ideal growing environment for peas, start by loosening the soil with a garden fork or tiller. Remove any weeds or debris, and add organic matter such as compost or well-rotted manure to improve soil fertility and drainage. It’s also important to ensure that the soil has a neutral pH level.

When is the best time to plant peas?

Peas are cool-season crops that prefer cooler temperatures for optimal growth. The best time to plant peas is typically in early spring, as soon as the soil can be worked and the danger of frost has passed. However, some varieties can also be planted in late summer or early fall for a fall harvest.

How often should I water my pea plants?

Pea plants require consistent moisture, especially during flowering and pod development. It’s important to provide them with about 1-1.5 inches of water per week, either through rainfall or irrigation. Be careful not to overwater, as this can lead to root rot and other issues.

How much sunlight do pea plants need?

Peas thrive in full sun, which means they require at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight each day. Position your pea plants in a location that receives ample sunlight to ensure optimal growth and production.

Do pea plants require fertilizer?

Peas are nitrogen-fixing plants, which means they have the ability to convert nitrogen from the air into a usable form for themselves and other plants. In most cases, pea plants do not require additional fertilizer. However, if your soil is lacking in nutrients, you can apply a balanced fertilizer before planting.

How can I protect my pea plants from pests and diseases?

To protect your pea plants from pests, consider using physical barriers such as netting or row covers. Additionally, practicing crop rotation and maintaining proper spacing between plants can help reduce the risk of diseases. If necessary, organic pest control methods like insecticidal soap or neem oil can be used.

Do pea plants need support?

Yes, pea plants are vining plants that require support to climb and thrive. You can provide support by installing trellises, stakes, or a pea fence. This will help keep the plants upright and prevent them from sprawling on the ground.

Is pruning necessary for pea plants?

Pruning is not typically necessary for pea plants. However, you can pinch off the tips of the plants once they reach their desired height to encourage bushier growth. Removing any damaged or diseased foliage can also help maintain the overall health of the plants.

How do I know when to harvest my pea pods?

Pea pods are ready to be harvested when they are plump and filled out, but the peas inside are still tender. The best way to determine if they are ready is by gently squeezing the pods. If they feel firm and the peas inside are well-formed, it’s time to harvest.

How can I store fresh peas to keep them fresh?

To keep fresh peas fresh, it’s best to store them unwashed in a perforated plastic bag or a breathable container in the refrigerator. They can be kept for up to 5-7 days. Before consuming, wash the peas thoroughly to remove any dirt or debris.

Can I save and plant pea seeds from my homegrown harvest?

Yes, you can save and plant pea seeds from your homegrown harvest. Allow the pods to fully mature and dry on the plants before harvesting. Remove the seeds from the pods and store them in a cool, dry place until you are ready to plant them in the next growing season.

What are some common issues when growing peas and how can I troubleshoot them?

Some common issues when growing peas include powdery mildew, aphid infestations, and poor pod development. To troubleshoot powdery mildew, ensure good air circulation and avoid overhead watering. For aphids, use insecticidal soap or introduce beneficial insects. To improve pod development, make sure the plants receive enough sunlight and water consistently.

Can you provide some delicious recipes and serving ideas for homegrown peas?

Certainly! Here are a few delicious ways to enjoy homegrown peas:
– Pea and mint soup: Blend cooked peas with fresh mint, vegetable broth, and a touch of cream for a refreshing soup.
– Pea and bacon risotto: Add cooked peas and crispy bacon to a creamy risotto for a flavorful and comforting dish.
– Pea and feta salad: Toss blanched peas with crumbled feta, cherry tomatoes, and a lemon vinaigrette for a light and refreshing salad.
– Pea pesto pasta: Blend cooked peas, garlic, Parmesan cheese, and olive oil to create a vibrant pesto sauce. Toss with your favorite pasta for a quick and tasty meal.

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